Conjugation enhancement of intramolecular exciton migration in poly(p-phenylene ethynylene)s.

TitleConjugation enhancement of intramolecular exciton migration in poly(p-phenylene ethynylene)s.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsNesterov, EE, Zhu, Z, Swager, TM
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Date Publishedjul
Keywordsconjugation enhancement intramol exciton migration polyphenyleneethynylene

Efficient energy migration in conjugated polymers is critical to their performance in photovoltaic, display, and sensor devices. The ability to precisely control the polymer conformation is a key issue for the experimental investigations and deeper understanding of the nature of this process. We make use of specially designed iptycene-containing poly(p-phenylene ethynylene)s that display chain-extended conformations when dissolved in nematic liquid crystalline solvents. In these solutions, the polymers show a substantial enhancement in the intrachain exciton migration rate, which is attributed to their increased conjugation length and better alignment. The organizational enhancement of the energy transfer efficiency, as determined by site-selective emission from lower energy traps at the polymer termini, is accompanied by a significant increase of the fluorescence quantum yield. The liquid crystalline phase is a necessary requirement for these phenomena to occur, and when the temperature was increased above the nematic-isotropic transition, we observed a dramatic reduction of the energy transfer efficiency and fluorescence quantum yield. The ability to improve the exciton migration efficiency through precise control of the polymer structure with liquid crystalline solutions demonstrates the importance of a polymer's conformation for energy transfer, and provides a way to improve the energy transporting performance of conjugated polymers.