Functionalized Poly(3-hexylthiophene)s via Lithium-Bromine Exchange.

TitleFunctionalized Poly(3-hexylthiophene)s via Lithium-Bromine Exchange.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsKoo, B, Sletten, EM, Swager, TM
Keywordsfunctionalized polyhexylthiophene lithium bromine exchange

Poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) is one of the most extensively investigated conjugated polymers and has been employed as the active material in many devices including field-effect transistors, org. photovoltaics and sensors. As a result, methods to further tune the properties of P3HT are desirable for specific applications. Herein, we report a facile postpolymn. modification strategy to functionalize the 4-position of com. available P3HT in two simple steps-bromination of the 4-position of P3HT (Br-P3HT) followed by lithium-bromine exchange and quenching with an electrophile. We achieved near quant. lithium-bromine exchange with Br-P3HT, which requires over 100 thienyl lithiates to be present on a single polymer chain. The lithiated-P3HT is readily combined with functional electrophiles, resulting in P3HT derivs. with ketones, secondary alcs., trimethylsilyl (TMS) group, fluorine, or an azide at the 4-position. We demonstrated that the azide-modified P3HT could undergo Cu-catalyzed or Cu-free click chem., significantly expanding the complexity of the structures that can be appended to P3HT using this method. [on SciFinder(R)]